Kraftwerk’s music is more electronic than industrial because of their focus on synthesizers, and lack of focus on anti-music. Bret Woods, in his article “Industrial Music for Industrial People: The History and Development of an Underground Genre” defines four “core fundamentals of what makes industrial music a standalone genre,” two of which are “the use of synthesizers and anti-music” (41). Kraftwerk is however more electronic than industrial because it does not feature many elements of anti-music. For example, there aren’t many random and non-electronic or non-vocal sounds in the music of kraftwerk. They do constantly have a stream of music coming from synthesizers to keep the beat of the song, making the music electronic. The group Kraftwerk did display shock tactics as seen in the above image and in their public dress. While they weren’t as abominable or shocking as some other bands and artists, their actions were noticed and purposeful. They were decidedly independent from popular music and made sure to be seen that way. One element of anti-music is completely absent from Kraftwerk music that I listened to– industrial sounds and purposeful silence. There are some strange synthesizer sounds in kraftwerk music, but they don’t seem to go against the trend of popular music to the extend that those sounds do.
Woods, Bret. “Industrial Music for Industrial People: The History and Development of an Underground Genre.” 2007. Florida State University.